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Toyota 1KZ-TE engine factory workshop and repair manual download

The Toyota Hilux (also stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of compact pickup trucks advertised and produced by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota. Many countries used the Hilux title for the whole life for the series but in North America, the Hilux name ended up being retired in 1976 in favor of Truck, Pickup Truck, or Compact Truck. In North America the popular option package, the SR5 (Sport Rally 5-Speed), was colloquially used as a model name for the truck, even though the option package was also used on other Toyota models like the Corolla. In 1984, the Trekker, the camper version of the Hilux, was renamed as the 4Runner in Australia and North America, and as the Hilux Surf in Japan. In 1995, Toyota introduced a new pickup model, the Tacoma in North America, discontinuing the Hilux/Pickup there. The 4Runner is today a complete SUV, and the greater recent models do not resemble the Tacoma.

The Hilux began production in March 1968 as the RN10 in short-wheelbase form with a 1.5 L motor, producing 77 PS (57 kW) in Japanese market spec, and in Japan it was offered at Toyota Japan dealership retail chains known as Toyota Store and Toyopet Store. The modification to the engine was sufficient for a claimed 130 kilometres per hour (81 mph) top speed. This was upgraded to a 1.6 L inline-four engine in February 1971.

In April 1969, a long-wheelbase version had been added to the range. The short-wheelbase version also continued in production for many more years. The long-wheelbase version was not sold on the North American market until 1972. The Hilux was offered as an alternative to the Toyota Crown, Toyota Corona, and Toyota Corona Mark II based pickup trucks in Japan, as the Crown, Corona, and Corona Mark II were repositioned as passenger sedans.

In spite of the name "Hilux", it was a luxury vehicle just when compared to the Stout. The Hilux was engineered and assembled by Hino Motors to replace the earlier car that the Hilux was derived from, known as the Briska in the niche beneath the bigger and older Stout – it replaced the Stout fully in some markets. For the North United states market, the only human body style was a regular cab short bed and all were rear-wheel drive. It utilized a typical truck setup of A-arms and coil springs right in front and a live axle with leaf springs in back. A four-speed manual transmission was standard.

A manual transmission, also known as a handbook gearbox, stick shift (for vehicles with hand-lever shifters), standard transmission, 4/5/6 speed (depending on gears) or simply a manual, is type of transmission used in motor vehicle applications. It uses a driver-managed clutch engaged and disengaged by a base pedal (automobile) or hand lever (motorcycle), for regulating torque transfer from the engine to the transmission; and a gear selector operated by hand (automobile) or by foot (motorcycle).

A conventional, 5 or 6-speed manual transmission is often the standard equipment in a base-model car; other options include automated transmissions such as an automatic transmission (often a manumatic), a semi-automatic transmission, or a continuously adjustable transmission (CVT).

Manual transmissions often function a driver-operated clutch and a movable gear stick. Most automobile handbook transmissions allow the driver to select any forward gear ratio ("gear") at any time, however, many, like those commonly attached on motorcycles and some types of rushing cars, only let the driver to select the next-higher or next-lower gear. This type of transmission is sometimes called a sequential manual transmission.

The way a manual transmission works is the fact that the flywheel is attached to the engine, the clutch disk is in between the pressure plate and the flywheel. When running, the clutch disk spins with the flywheel. As the clutch pedal is depressed, the toss out bearing is pushed in, which makes the stress plate stop applying force to your clutch disk. This makes it stop getting power from the engine so that the gear can be shifted without harming the transmission. When the clutch pedal is released, the clutch disk is allowed to begin getting power from the engine.

Manual transmissions are characterized by gear ratios that are selectable by locking selected equipment pairs to the output shaft in the transmission. Conversely, many automated transmissions feature epicyclic (planetary) gearing managed by braking system bands and/or clutch packs to select gear ratio. Automatic transmissions that allow the driver to manually select the current gear are known as Manumatics. A manual-style transmission operated by computer is often called an automated transmission rather than an automatic.

Contemporary automobile manual transmissions typically use four to six forward gears and one reverse gear, although automobile manual transmissions have been built with because few as two and as many as eight gears. Transmission for heavy vehicles and various other heavy equipment usually have a minimum of 9 gears so the transmission can offer both a broad range of gears and close gear ratios to keep the motor running in the power band. Some heavy vehicle transmissions have dozens of gears, but a lot of are duplicates, introduced as an accident of combining gear sets, or introduced to simplify shifting. Some guides are introduced to by the amount of forward gears they provide (e.g., 5-speed) as a means of distinguishing between other or automatic available manual transmissions. Similarly, a 5-speed automatic transmission is referred to as a "5-speed automatic."

The redesigned Hilux was released in August 1978, with a 4WD variant released in Jan 1979. The 4WD variant – maybe not offered with any engines smaller sized compared to the two-litre "18R" – featured some common technology utilizing the larger Toyota Land Cruiser. Manufacturing of the four-wheel drives ended in July 1983, but some 2WD variations proceeded in parallel with the next generation. The L series diesel engine ended up being provided regarding the 2WD variants from September 1979 and the 4WD variants in March 1983. In Japan, the Hilux was joined with the all new Toyota MasterAce, sharing load carrying duties, and offered at Toyota Store locations alongside the Hilux.

In North America the Hilux saw the utilization of four-wheel drive. Information technology had a solid front axle and leaf suspension. The body saw a redesign that included single round headlights and a less complicated body. This new 4WD setup featured a gear driven RF1A transfer case. This transfer case is exclusive in that its low-range reduction portion can be replicated, using what some refer to as triple or dual transfer case. This results in a much lower overall gear proportion. It absolutely was the first Hilux available with an automatic transmission.

In 1981 a vehicle development agreement was set up between Toyota, Winnebago Industries and two other aftermarket customizers. This was to allow Toyota to enter the SUV market in North America. The cars which resulted using this collaboration were the Trekker (Winnebago), Wolverine, and the Trailblazer (Griffith). All three used the Hilux 4��4 RV cab and chassis, and an all-fiberglass rear section (the Trailblazer had a metallic bed with a fiberglass top). There were at least 1,500 Trekkers, 400 Trailblazers and an unknown number of Wolverines sold in North America. Development and research work on the Trekker led to the growth of the 4Runner/Hilux Surf, which ended up being released in 1984.

Toward the end of the SR5's manufacturing run (1983�½ model year), Toyota introduced the luxury Mojave for the US market as a limited-production (3,500 units) model with options not available on some other Toyota pickup. List priced at US,308, it featured container seats, two-speaker multiplex chrome, radio front and back bumpers, and no Toyota logo on either the grille or tailgate. Cruise control, power steering, and air training were optional. It had been powered by the SR5's standard 2.4 L (150 cu in) inline four.

The August 1983 redesign (sold as design year 1984 vehicles in North America) introduced the Xtracab, two-row extended cab option. These "1984" models held over the carbureted 22R engine while model year 1984 also saw the introduction of the gasoline injected 22R-E. Two diesel engines were also offered, the 2L and the turbocharged 2L-T. The diesels were discontinued in the U.S. after the 1986 model year, this was due to higher performance expectations from customers while the wide accessibility of inexpensive gasoline. The following year saw the introduction of a turbocharged option, the 22R-TE, perhaps due to increasing competitors from Nissan who currently offered a V6 truck at this time. The solid front axle was swapped out for an independent front suspension/torsion bar setup in the 4��4 design in 1986, and optional automatic differential disconnect for the front differential (a substitute for automatic locking hubs) and an electronic transfer situation was included as well. A V6 motor was introduced in 1988. The Hilux-based 4Runner which made its entry in Australia, North America and the United Kingdom was based with this generation Hilux; in some other markets, such as Japan, it absolutely was known as the Hilux Surf.

Toyota introduced a brand new generation of the Hilux in most markets in later part of the 1988 but the fourth generation remained in production until 1997 in South Africa. Toyota says this was due to South African "content laws" which made information technology cheaper to continue to create the fourth generation Hilux, instead of to retool the plant for the fifth generation.

The next redesign, in 1988, produced a longer-wheelbase choice, 3,099 mm (122 in) instead of 2,616 mm (103 in) for the regular wheelbase. Its one-piece cargo-box walls eliminated the rust-prone seams that were discovered in earlier designs. The V6 Xtracab SR5 earned Motor Trend magazine's Truck of the Year award that year. The Xtracabs now featured more area behind the front seats than the final generation which allowed optional jump-seats for rear passengers, a feature more in line with competitors of the time.

In 1991, American production began at the NUMMI plant in Fremont, California (the VIN on these cars starts with '4T'), however some vehicles sold in the United States during the 91–95 model years were still manufactured in Japan (VIN starts with 'JT').

The Hilux received a minor renovation in 1991 (for the 1992 design year), which was a minor barbecue grill change and the new Toyota emblem that was indeed recently adopted.

It was during this generation that Toyota discontinued the Hilux into the United shows, replacing it with the new Tacoma in 1995.

Following the February 2004 introduction associated with the 2005 design year Tacoma, the 7th generation Hilux was unveiled on March 2, 2005 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Market launch later on began in April 2005. The Tacoma was based on the 4Runner chassis, while the Hilux rides on an revamped version of the ladder frame found on previous versions. The Hilux increased in size and then became classified as a mid-size pick up. The Tacoma had a new 4.0 L V6 motor that creates 176 kW (236 hp) and 361 N�·m (266 lb�·ft) of torque. Its design was very similar to the 4Runner.

Hilux models sold in Australian, Middle Eastern, and Asian markets are built and assembled in Thailand, where in actuality the vehicle is called the Hilux Vigo, or just Vigo. For the European and South African markets the Hilux is built in Durban, South Africa. As of December 2009, it is the greatest selling vehicle in South Africa. Those sold in South America are made in Argentina, as with the earlier generation Hilux. Nevertheless, the engines are built in Japan (where they are also used within the Prado) instead of Argentina. In Asia, the Hilux Vigo platform was used as the basis for Toyota's IMV program which spawned the Innova MPV and Fortuner SUV/PPV.

In Malaysia, the Hilux is only available in 2.5 L with the option of solitary cab or double cab. The double cab model has an automatic transmission variant. It uses the same engine as other Asian nations (in-line, 16-valve, 4-cylinder, DOHC Turbo Diesel with common rail direct injection), however engines found in Malaysia differ in their maximum output of 75 kW (101 hp) at 3600 rpm and maximum torque of 260 NÃ�·m (192 lbfÃ�·ft) at 1600–2400 rpm.

In Singapore, the Hilux can be obtained as a single cab with the 2.5 L engine or a double cab with the 3.0 L engine. Notable fleet customers include private taxi operators, for whom the double cab model offers additional load space flexibility, and the Singapore Police Force and Pakistan Police, which uses it as a patrol vehicle.

The Hilux will be built in Guangqi Toyota Automobile in Guangzhou for the Chinese market. The models for China will be 4.0 L with the choice of single cab or dual cab. It uses the same motor as Australia (V6, 24-valve, DOHC), however engines utilized in China has been tuned as much as the maximum output of 246 kW (330 hp) at 6500 rpm and maximum torque of 405 N�·m (299 lbf�·ft) at 4000 rpm, and is also mated to a 5-speed automatic transmission. China is the sole Asian country to obtain the V6 engine.

A Hilux joined in the 2012 Dakar Rally by the Imperial Toyota team of South Africa been able to capture third place despite having little modifications from the production model and being up against factory supported teams.

Toyota Land Cruiser Prado is a mid-size four-wheel drive vehicle in the Toyota Land Cruiser variety produced by the Japanese car maker Toyota Motor Corporation. The Prado is among the smaller cars into the range.

In Europe it is sold as simply the Toyota Land Cruiser LC3, LC4 or LC5 (depending on the generation) or with the number series designation (LC 70, LC 90 and LC 120). In North America it is not part of the Land Cruiser range, as the Toyota 4Runner replaces the Land Cruiser Prado's affordable trim levels, while the expensive trim levels are instead sold as the Lexus GX 470, with nearly identical body panels and a V8 engine.

The current Prado is based on Toyota's J150 platform. Previous models were based on the J70, J90 and J120 programs. All models designated Prado feature front independent suspension, ladder frame and a two-speed transfer case except the J70 which had beam axles front and rear.

The Toyota Land Cruiser Prado can be obtained in Grande, GX, GXL and VX spec versions. The GX is the entry amount model, while the Grande is the more luxurious version. In most areas it can be obtained with either a 4.0 L petrol V6 or a 3.0 L Diesel engine. In some European countries there are commercial van variants, based on the short-wheelbase chassis.

First developed as the light-duty vehicle of the 70 Series, in November 1984. Available only in short body, and there had been options for soft top or hard top (metal top). Names like Land Cruiser II, Land Cruiser, and Bundera were made for these 'Light Duty' Land Cruisers. The Bundera was a medium wheelbase two-door with a plastic top and barn doors at the rear. There were three options for the engine, the 2.4 L (2366 cc) 22R petrol engine and 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L and 2L-T diesel and turbo diesel engines. Transmission for the gasoline engine is the G52 type while the diesels used the R150 and R151 types. These were the same machines and transmission utilized in 4Runner, in collaboration with Hino.

In April 1990, a new type was released. The front grille, front engine and fenders hood were redesigned. The head lamp design changed as well. At the same time the sub name Prado was attached, but brands like Land Cruiser and Land Cruiser II were still utilized in other parts of the world besides Japan. Meaning plain or field in Portuguese, Prado the brand new line from Land Cruiser was marketed toward more on-road reasons, despite a human body on frame design which was highly able off-road.

In Japan it came with digital fuel injection and a four rate automatic transmission. The 2.4 L turbo diesel engine with 71 kW (97 PS; 95 hp) and 240 N�·m (180 lb�·ft) high torque unit had been installed. The line up included 2-door and 4-door versions available in LX, EX or SX (4 door only) grades of trim.

The front suspension was altered to a "shock absorber through spring" design to improve handling. With the touch of a button you could change between stages of absorber. The 22R gas engine was upgraded to the 22R-E (electronic gasoline injection) engine, the diesel engines were replaced by the 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L engine, and the 2.4 L (2446 cc) 2L-T turbo diesel engine was replaced by the electronically injected 2L-TE turbo diesel engine. In 1993, the 22R-E gasoline engine was replaced by the 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE gasoline engine and the 2L-TE turbo diesel engine was replaced by the 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with aluminium cylinder head. The 1KZ-TE was able to decrease NOx and soot. The dash board was replaced with a new design with minor changes to suspension, brake system, and trim details.

In May 1996, the J70 series underwent a makeover and emerged as the J90 series Prado, a separate series. Your body ended up being lengthened. The design remained medium task, like the J70. The forward suspension was changed with a separate design, shared with Hilux and Tacoma Surf, made by Hino. The J90 was made by Tahara Plant, offered as a three-door short wheelbase and five-door long wheelbase version.

In Japan, the 3-door series started with an R into the series ranging from RZ, RX, RS to RJ while the 5-door line-up started with T within the series ranging from TZ, TS, TX, to TJ. All models arrived with front dual wishbone and 4 linked suspension as well as full-time 4WD. An ABS and Field Monitor showing altimeter, thermometer and pressure were standard in all the models. The area monitor was not available as standard gear in South Africa. Television display and audio set was optional.

Gasoline engines included the 2.7 L (2693 cc) 3RZ-FE and, new in Prado models, the 3.4 L (3378 cc) V6 5VZ-FE. Diesel engines had been the 2.8 L (2776 cc) 3L engine, the 3.0 L (2986 cc) 5L engine and the 3.0 L (2982 cc) 1KZ-TE.

By June 1999, minor changes were made. To be able to follow new fog-lamps, laws were included with the bumper, except in South Africa. In July 2000, a new diesel engine, the 3.0 L (2982 cc) Common Rail Diesel Injection (D-4D) 1KD-FTV was introduced into this design. To lessen theft, a motor immobilizer was available. TX Limited with 8 seats used TX base with roof rail, rear under mirror, wood panel finish, arm rest, optitron meter, base cooling as well as rear heater was introduced into this series.

The Prado was assembled by Sofasa in Colombia from 1999 until 2009 without significant modifications. There had been two versions, a 3-door with a 2.7 L engine and 5-door with a 3.4 L V6 engine with either a 5-speed handbook or a 4-speed automatic. Between 2005 and 2009 they offered a recommended armoured version of the 5-door version.

When the Prado was launched in the UK in 1996, it absolutely was called the Land Cruiser Colorado and replaced the 4Runner, which had been discontinued from sale. It was called this to distinguish it from the larger Land Cruiser – renamed as the Land Cruiser Amazon – which was already on sale. It dropped the Colorado name tag in 2003, when it was renamed simply Land Cruiser. In the Republic of Ireland most Land Cruisers had been sold as advertisements utilizing the side house windows and seats removed for tax reasons.

Initially appeared in 2002, this design included a re-designed front suspension to address reliability concerns associated with previous generation, and an all new body designed at the Toyota ED2 design studio in France from 1998 to early 2000.

Engines include the 2.7 L (2693 cc) straight-4 3RZ-FE, 3.4 L (3378 cc) V-6 5VZ-FE and 3.0 L (2982 cc) straight-4 Turbo diesel 1KZ-TE. In countries like China, a newly created engine 1GR-FE V6 is available. The motor immobilizer became standard equipment in some markets.

In August 2004, the 3RZ-FE was replaced by 2.7 L (2694 cc) 2TR-FE and in July 2005, 5VZ-FE was replaced by 4.0 L (3955 cc) V6 1GR-FE with 5-speed automatic transmission available in late 2005. In North America, this model is known as the Lexus GX 470 with the 4.7 L (4663 cc) V8 2UZ-FE engine.

Diesel models have actually had the 1KZ-TE turbo diesel engine with maximum output rating 96 kW (131 PS; 129 hp) as well as the 5L-E normal aspirated diesel engine status 70 kW (95 PS; 94 hp). In November 2006, Toyota introduced the 1KD-FTV Turbo Diesel (D-4D engine to meet Euro IV emission standards. This engine provides 127 kW (173 PS; 170 hp) of energy and 410 N�·m (300 lb�·ft) of torque. The upgrade to the D-4D engine had been also coordinated with transmission upgrades to the diesel range, with the 5-speed automatic and 6-speed manual transmissions added in line with the petrol driven range. From August 2007 the Prado got several safety and equipment upgrades. The automobile has claimed 3 awards for the best performance on a SUV type vehicle in Australia and US.

The 120-series Land Cruiser Prado shares the same suspension parts because the existing generation Hilux Surf/4Runner and FJ Cruiser.

There is a shorter three door version of the 120-series, with a 125-code rather than 120. Engines are the same, most features are the same; just the 1KZ-TE was only available in five door version. The three door wagon functions only two seat rows. The fuel tank is limited to 87 L, no sub-fuel-tank system available.

For model year 2007 on Japanese models only, G-BOOK, a registration telematics service, is offered as an option. In China, Dadi Auto made a clone of the suv called the Dadi Shuttle.

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